1911 - 1920

Back

1911

Census: Pop. E&W 36M, Scot 4.6M, NI 1.25M

December 14: National Insurance in Britain

1911-1912

Strikes by seamen, dock and transport workers

Back

1912

April 14: The 'unsinkable' Titanic sinks on maiden voyage

Captain Scott's last expedition

Back

1913

Panama Canal opened

1914-1918

First World War (the "Great War")

Back

1914

The Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in Serbia sparks the First World War

Aug 4: war declared

Back

1915

May 7: Lusitania sunk by German submarine off coast of Ireland 1,198 died

Back

1916

Easter Rising in Ireland after the leaders are executed, public opinion backs independence

Back

1917

First use of massed tanks (Cambrai)

George V adopts Windsor as surname

March 12: USA enters the war 

On March 8, (or February 23 by the Julian calendar), a street demonstration in Petrograd (now St Petersburg) turned into a riot, as Russians rose up against their autocratic Tsarist government and the depredations of World War I. With its troops mutinying, the government fell, and Tsar Nicholas II, last of the Romanov line, abdicated. Russia became a republic.

Back

1918

Vote for women over 30, men over 21 (except peers, lunatics and felons)

11th November at the 11th Hour the Armistice comes into effect and the First World War ends.

Back

1919

First woman in House of Commons (Viscountess Astor)

Alcock and Brown fly Atlantic

Sir Ernest Rutherford publishes account of splitting the atom

Back

1920

Regular cross-channel air service starts

Back