April 3: Fifth full British Census
Postal Orders introduced
First Boer War – Transvaal independence recognised
May 6: Phoenix Park murders in Dublin
Institution of 'the Ashes' in cricket
Aug 1: Parcel post starts in Britain
October 4: Foundation of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow by William Smith
Foundation of the Primrose League, British Conservative organisation, by
Lord Randolph Churchill
Married Women's Property Act of 1882 becomes law
Eruption of Krakatoa near Java – 30,000 killed by tidal wave
The Orient Express began service from Paris to Istanbul
The Third Reform Bill – vote given to agricultural workers
Greenwich Mean Time made prime meridian of the world
Carl Benz builds single-cylinder motor car
In 1885 American inventor George
Eastman marketed his first box camera. It sold for $25, a considerable sum in those days.
The Kodak camera, the first camera designed to use film rolled around a spindle, came with
the film already installed. After the purchaser took 100 pictures, the camera had to be
returned to the factory, where the film was removed and processed and a new spool
installed. Cumbersome by modern standards, the camera seemed a marvel at the time.
Although photography was more than 50 years old by 1885, Eastman was the first to market a
camera simple enough for amateurs to use.
Secretary for Scotland appointed
January 26: Fall of Khartoum, General Gordon killed
June 21: Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee
County Councils set up in Britain
The coin-operated public telephone.
Celluloid film produced
Eiffel Tower built (to mark centenary of French Revolution)
Dock Strike – docker's won their "Docker's Tanner", 6 old
London's first electric Underground
March 4: Forth railway bridge opens – took six years to build