1871 - 1880

Back

1871

April 2: Fourth full British census

June 29: Trades Unions legalised in Britain

Back

1872

Secret Ballot introduced in Britain (no further Poll Books produced)

Licensing hours introduced

Penalties introduced for failing to register births, marriages & deaths (Eng & Wales)

Back

1874

Factory Act introduces 56-hour week

Back

1875

London's main sewage system completed

Captain Webb swims channel

Submarine invented

Artisan's Dwellings Act

Climbing Boys Act passed

Back

1876

Bell invents telephone

Annual centralised list of Scottish Wills from now (and most from 1823 also)

Civil Registration of deaths in Isle of Man started

Victoria proclaimed Empress of India

Back

1877

On November 20 Thomas Edison shouted "Mary had a little lamb" into a machine he had built in Menlo Park, New Jersey, then played the sound back. It was the first time anyone had ever recorded and reproduced a sound. Edison's first records consisted of tinfoil wrapped around a cylinder. Sound waves were recorded by variations in the depth of the grooves. Later his cylinders were coated with wax instead of tin. Primitive by modern standards, these early gramophones, or phonographs seemed miraculous at the time.

First tennis championships at Wimbledon

Back

1878

Edison & Swan invent electric lamp

Back

1879

First telephone exchanges opened in London & Manchester

Tay Bridge Disaster bridge collapsed in storm taking train with it enquiry revealed corners had been cut during construction to reduce costs

Back

1880

Education Act: schooling compulsory for 5-10 year olds

Back