1861 - 1870

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1861

American Civil War begins

April 7: Third full British Census

December 15: Prince Albert dies

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1863

Football Association founded

London's first Underground Railway opens

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1864

Civil Registration in Ireland starts

Civil Registration of marriages in Isle of Man starts

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1865

End of American Civil War slavery abolished in USA

William Booth founds Salvation Army

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1867

Dominion of Canada founded

The Second Reform Bill vote given to town householders

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1868

Last British election for which Poll Books available

In 1868 the last shipment of convicts from Britain landed in Australia. Since 1787, when the First Fleet set off for Australia with 759 convicts on board, Britain had used transportation as a punishment for convicted prisoners. Often they had been imprisoned for debt or other comparatively minor infractions of the law. These convicts became the backbone of Britain's Australian colonies, which had a population of 1 million by 1850. In 1901 the colonies became states of the Commonwealth of Australia.

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1869

November 18: Suez Canal opens

Cutty Sark launched

Ballbearings, celluloid, Carbon paper, margarine, washing machine all invented

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1870

GPO takes over the privately-owned Telegraph Companies

October 1: First British postcard halfpenny post

Board Schools start attempting to impose consistent spelling

Dr. Thomas Barnardo opens his first home for destitute children

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