1831 - 1840

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1831

First Reform Bill introduced by Lord George Russell

A list of all parish registers dating prior to 1813 compiled

British Association founded

Faraday discovers electro-magnetic induction

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1832

June 7: Reform Bill passed Representation of the People Act dramatic effects for grossly underrepresented places like Scotland (the number of Scottish people allowed to vote increased from 4,000 to 65,000 out of 2.5 million people) changed voting from an aristocratic privilege to a middle class right, but by later standards not much was accomplished approximately doubled the electorate to about 800,000 voters out of a total population in Ireland, Scotland, England, and Wales of around 24 million (1831 census), and increasing by 1 million a year

Electoral Registers introduced

Electric telegraph invented by Morse

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1833

Factory Act forbids employment of children below age of 9

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1834

Slavery abolished in British possessions

Poor Law amendment, tightening up relief

March 18: 'Tolpuddle Martyrs' transported for Trades Union activities

December 23: Hansom Cab patented by Joseph Hansom

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1835

Christmas becomes a national holiday

Earliest Universalist registers

Municipal Corporations Act

Word 'socialism' first used

First surviving photograph taken by William Fox Talbot

June 18: William Cobbett dies

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1836

First Potato famine in Ireland

Economic downturn that lasts until 1842

Tithe Commutation Act tithe maps created as a by-product over the next 15 years or so

Newspaper tax reduced from 4 pence to one penny

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1837

March 14: Wheatstone & Cooke send first British telegraph message

June 20: William IV dies accession of Queen Victoria (to 1901). When Victoria ascended the throne she was eighteen years and one month old.

July 1: Compulsory registration of Births, Marriages & Deaths in England & Wales

July 20: Euston Railway station opens first in London

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1838

First Ocean Steamers to the U.S.

Chartism, a working-class movement for the extension of the franchise, comes into existence 6-point charter: universal suffrage, secret ballot, annual elections, payment of Members, no property qualification for MPs, equal electoral districts

1838-1849

The Chartist Movement

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1839

Bicycle invented

Chartist riots

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1840

January 10: Uniform Penny Postage introduced nationally

Last convicts landed in NSW (some say 1842 or 1849)

Population Act relating to taking of censuses in Britain 

In Britain, first postage stamps are sold

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