1801 - 1810

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1801

Union Jack official British flag

June 29: First census puts the population of England and Wales at 9,168,000 population of Britain nearly 11 million (75 per cent rural) 

Joseph-Marie Jacquard invents a loom using punch cards.

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1802

March 27: Treaty of Amiens signed by Britain, France, Spain, and the Netherlands the "Peace of Amiens," as it was known, brought a temporary peace of 14 months during the Napoleonic Wars one of its most important cultural effects was that travel and correspondence across the English Channel became possible again

Charlotte Dundas on Clyde, first practical steamship, built by William Symington

First British Factory Act

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1803

Invention of paper-making machine (Foudrinier)

Peace of Amiens ends on 12 May resumption of war with France The Napoleonic Wars (1803-18l5)

William Cobbett began unofficial publication of Parliamentary reports (taken over by Hansard report in 1811)

First publication of Debrett's Peerage by John Debrett

Early locomotive constructed by Richard Trevithick

First public railway opens (Wandsworth to Croydon)

Semaphore signalling perfected by Admiral Popham

Commissioners for Highland Roads and Bridges created in Scotland

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1804

Richard Tievithick runs his railway engine on the Penydarren Railway in Wales

December 12: Spain declares war on Britain

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1805

October 21: Admiral Nelson's victory at Trafalgar

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1806

Earliest Primitive Methodist registers

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1807

March 25: Parliament passes Act prohibiting slavery and the importation of slaves from 1808 but does not prohibit colonial slavery

July 13: 'Hot Wednesday' temperature of 101F in the shade recorded in London

Gas lighting in London streets

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1808

Peninsular War (1808-1814)

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1809

Birth of Charles Darwin

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1810

Bible Christians denomination formed by schism in Wesleyan Methodists

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