1761 - 1770



Earliest Unitarian registers

France surrenders Canada and Florida

Cigars introduced into Britain from Cuba


Treaty of Paris gives back to France everything Pitt fought to obtain (Newfoundland [fishing], Guadaloupe and Martininque [sugar], Dakar [gum]) but English displaces French as the international language


Lloyd's Register of shipping first prepared


Stamp Act passed


First iron railroads built for mines by John Wilkinson

Newcomen's steam pumping engine perfected by James Watt


The first edition of the "Encyclopaedia Britannica" published in Edinburgh by William Smellie


September 6: David Garrick organises first Shakespeare festival at Stratford-upon-Avon

Arkwright invents water frame (textile production) 

The Scottish inventor and engineer James Watt patented a steam engine. Others had already built steam engines, but Watt's engine was the first practical design. His first machines were used to pump water from mines. Watt later modified his steam engine so that it could drive machinery. Eventually the steam engine drove textile machinery and powered locomotives.


Hargreaves's jenny invented (textile production)

April 28: James Cook discovers New South Wales

Clyde Trust created to convert the River Clyde, then an insignificant river, into a major thoroughfare for maritime communications 

Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer born

April 1770 - Cook reaches Australia