1681 - 1690

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1681

Second Test Act (against non-conformists) passed by Westminster Parliament

Oil lighting first used in London streets

1682

Library of Advocates founded in Edinburgh later National Library of Scotland

1683

June 6: Ashmolean Museum opened at Oxford first museum in Britain

Climate: Coldest 'Frost fair' in London

1684

Presbyterian settlement in Stuart's Town in South Carolina

Huguenot registers begin in London

1685

Earl of Argyll's Invasion of Scotland

James the Second (1685-1689, died 1701) Monmouth rebellion and battle of Sedgemoor British Army raised to 20,000 men

Judge Jeffreys and the Bloody Assizes 320 executed, 800 transported

Revocation of the Edict of Nantes drove thousands of Protestants (Huguenots) from France many settled in England 

1685 - 1750

Johann Sebastian Bach  German organist and composer

1685 - 1759  

George Frideric Handel   composer of German birth but English by naturalisation

1686

Release of all prisoners held for their religious beliefs

1688

February: Edward Lloyd's Coffee House later became Lloyd's of London

Nov: The Glorious Revolution: James II abdicates William of Orange lands in England William of Hanover and Mary, daughter of James II, jointly take the throne (only William, however, has regal power)

British Army raised to 40,000

Bill of Rights limits the powers of the monarchy over parliament

Hearth Tax abolished

Mutiny Act

1689

Deposed James VII & II flees to Ireland defeated at the Battle of the Boyne (1 July 1690)

Earliest Royal Dutch Chapel registers

Siege of Londonderry

Toleration Act for Protestant non-conformists

Battle of Killiecrankie in Scotland

1690

Great Synagogue founded

Presbyterianism finally established in Scotland

Battle of the Boyne

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