1641 - 1650

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1641

Charles the First's policies cause insurrection in Ulster and Civil War in England

October 23: 50,000 Irish killed in an uprising in Ulster

Charles I and the English Parliament acknowledge the Presbyterian Church in Scotland

1642

Aug 22: Charles I raises his standard at Nottingham First Civil War in England (to 1649)- first engagement at Edge hill (23 October) Scottish Covenanters side with the English rebels who take power the Earl of Montrose sided with King Charles, strife spilled into Scotland

The Civil War interrupted the keeping of parish registers

English theatres closed by Puritans (till 1660)

1643

Solemn League and Covenant signed in Scotland

1644

Earliest Independent (Congregational) registers

Earliest Presbyterian registers

1644-5

Montrose's Venture (Montrose executed in 1650)

1645

Battle of Philiphaugh in Scotland

Inquisitions Post Mortem end

Scotland: Each county and burgh ordered to raise and maintain a number of foot soldiers, according to population, to serve as militia population of Scotland estimated at 420,000

Plague made its last appearance in Scotland

1646

June 20: Royalists sign articles of surrender at Oxford

1647

Earliest Baptist registers survive from this year

1649

January 30: King Charles I executed

May 19: Commonwealth declared

December 20: Theatres banned by Cromwell

Cromwell's Irish campaign starts

King Charles II proclaimed King of Scots and England in Scotland

1650 

George Fox founds Society of Friends (Quakers)

Coffee brought to England about this time

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